The U.S. Department of Homeland Security may grant Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to persons already in the United States who came from certain countries experiencing conditions of ongoing conflict, natural disasters, or extraordinarily unsafe conditions. TPS allows a person to live and work in the United States for a specific time period, but it does not lead to U.S. permanent residence (a green card). The U.S. has granted this special status for more than 20 years to people from countries where war or a disaster poses a danger.
A TPS designation will be effective for a minimum of six (6) months and a maximum of 18 months. Before the end of the TPS designation period, the Secretary of Homeland Security will review the conditions in the designated state and determine whether the condition that led to the TPS designation continues. Unless a determination is made that those conditions are no longer met, the TPS designation will be extended for six (6), 12, or 18 months.
TPS covers limited groups of immigrants from eight countries right now: El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti, Syria, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. See more details about each country at USCIS.gov.